Guinea pig

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Google Maps location for Mulberry Lane Vet Hospital

Mulberry Lane Vet Hospital
294 Lords Place
NSW 2800

02 6360 3071

Vital statistics

Life expectancy 5-8 years Weaning 3 weeks
Breeding 2-3 months Pregnancy 59-72 days
Litter size 1-10 Adult body weight 700-1200g



Guinea pigs are also refereed to as Cavies. They can make ideal pets as they are small in size, quiet in nature and easy to care for. They are native to South America. They become used to handling at a young age , they can be quite vocal and exhibit a range of calls. There are many different breeds of Guinea pig including short haired Abyssinians and the long haired Peruvians.

• Guinea pigs can be housed in many different types of cages, but ensure that you provide a cage that is as large as possible, 1 guinea pig should have at least a minimum of 1m x 0.5m x 0.25m high.

• Make sure that your guinea pig is housed in an area that will not become too hot as guinea pigs are vulnerable to heat stress.

• If you intend to keep your guinea pig outside, make sure that the enclosure is predator proof.

• Their cage should be well ventilated and regularly cleaned to avoid ammonia build up.

• Guinea pigs love to hide so be sure to provide overturned boxes for hiding places.

• Bedding materials that are suitable for guinea pis include shredded paper and hay and straw.

• Mixing guinea pigs with rabbits is not recommended as guinea pigs can get diseases from rabbits.

• Guinea pigs are sociable animals and should not be kept alone.

• It is advised that you use two different type of water bottles, (in case one becomes blocked). Water bowls are more likely to become soiled.



• Guinea pigs can usually be handled easily, when picking them up, use two hands to ensure that you support their full length of their body.

• Ensure that you wash your hands after handling your guinea pig.



• Guinea pigs are herbivores, their teeth will grow continuously throughout their lives.

• They are naturally Coprophagic meaning that they eat some of their own droppings.

• Guinea pigs require a dietary source of vitamin C. This is usually supplied sufficiently by the fresh leafy green veges.

• It is safe  to supplement this with small quantities of vitamin C rich foods such as citrus or kiwi fruits.

• NO NO! These foods should not be offered to pet guinea pigs.  Cereals, grains, nuts, seeds, corn, beans, peas,breads, biscuits, sweets, sugar, breakfast cereals, chocolate! Any dietary changes should be made gradually.

• Some high quality Guinea pig pellets should be offered, min 16% fibre content. Example Oxbow Cavy Cuisine.

• Herbs: parsley, dandelion, basil, dill, mint and coriander etc.

• Vegies: broccoli, celery, endive, beet, cabbage, carrot tops, spinach leaves, Brussels sprouts, bok choy/ other, other asian greens, dark leafed lettuce varieties.

• Guinea pigs should be offered a constant source of grass or grass hay, eg; timothy hay, oaten, wheaten, pasture, meadow, rye grass hay. ( not lucerne or clover as they are too high in protein and calcium).


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