Rat

Sign up to our newsletter for all the latest pet related news both locally and Australia wide.
Google Maps location for Mulberry Lane Vet Hospital

Mulberry Lane Vet Hospital
294 Lords Place
Orange
NSW 2800

Phone:
02 6360 3071

Vital statistics

Life expectancy 2-3.5 years Weaning 3 weeks
Breeding 4-5 weeks Pregnancy 21-23 days
Litter size 6 to 13 Adult body weight 225-500g

 

Rats are a rodent animal. They are ideal pets as they are quiet in nature, small in size and are to care for, They are very sociable animals that love interaction with humans and enjoy the companionship. They are intelligent animals, they are very clean and become very used to handling especially if handling is started at a young age.

 

Housing:

• Provide a cage as large as possible and ensure that it is easy to clean. Bird cage type enclosures are recommended to plastic/glass tubs, as they allow good ventilation.

• Ensure that the area you decide to keep your pet rat in is not going to become to hot as rats are prone to heat stress

• Clean the cage/enclosure and change their bedding on a regular basis to avoid ammonia build up

• Bedding materials that are suitable to keep in your rats cage include: shredded paper, pelleted recycled paper ( Cat litter). Rats love to burrow and hide, ensure that the bedding is of reasonable thickness to allow this.

• Make certain that your pet rats enclosure is safe from predators.

• Provide your pet rat with little hammocks, boxes assorted toys, this will allow great places for your rat to hide.

• Rats are sociable animals, you could consider housing two or more together

• Water drippers are preferred over water bowls as they are easy to clean and don’t become soiled.

 

Handling:

• Rats are usually very easy to be handled, pick them up gently placing your hand(s) under them and be sure to support the full length of their body.

• Daily handling is encouraged and play and exploration time outside of their cage.

• Daily exercise and mental stimulation is a necessity each day to avert obesity and boredom

• Be sure to wash your hands each time after handling your pet rat.

 

Feeding:

• Rats are omnivores ( they eat plant and animal material). They will eat a wide variety of foods

• Rats should be offered small amounts of good quality rat pellets or rat cubes ( ensure that they have a protein content of at least 16% and fat content of 4-5%). Rats love fresh fruits and vegetables daily. Examples include: carrots, celery, endive, Bok Choy, berries, apples, bananas, pears, melons, stone fruits, citrus fruits, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, fresh corn, peas, beans and tomatoes.

• Avoid feeding seed or grain mixes, as rats are prone to becoming obese and malnourished on these mixes.

• Treats: should only be offered in small amounts include: cereals, chocolate, cooked pastas and rice, sweets, breads, biscuits, grains and seeds.

 

Health and veterinary care:

• Have any newly acquired pet rat checked by a vet, especially if you are adding your new rat with other pet rats at home, and annually there after.

• Always monitor your rats food intake , body condition, mouth ears, eyes, toileting behavior and feet.

 

Copyright; Mulberry Lane Veterinary Hospital